No, this is a common SEO myth. Search engines like Google have the primary goal to return the most relevant content for any given search query to help searchers find the best websites.
Google and other search engines want website owners to perform SEO and help users find their content, but you must know the rules and follow them. If you break the rules, the search engines reserve the right to remove your website from the index. Which means you will not be found easily.
So.... Google rewards website that performs good SEO practices... easy.